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Bystander Intervention

Bystander Intervention Do's and Don'ts

Image: Bill TalsmaIf you witness public instances of racist, anti-Black, anti-Muslim, anti-Trans, or any other form of oppressive interpersonal violence and harassment, use these tips on how to intervene while considering the safety of everyone involved.  



Do make your presence as a witness known.

  • If possible, make eye contact with the person being harassed and ask them if they want support.
  • Move yourself near the person being harassed. If possible and you feel you can risk doing so, create distance or a barrier between the person being harassed and the attacker.
  • If it’s safe to do so, and the person being harassed consents—film or record the incident.

Do take cues from the individual being harassed. 

  • Is the person engaging with the harasser or not? You can make suggestions, “Would you like to walk with me over here? Move to another train car? For him to leave you alone?,” and then follow their lead.
  • Notice if the person being harassed is resisting in their own way, and honor that. (Especially white folks, don’t police tone of the person being harassed).
  • Follow up with the individual being harassed after the incident is over, see if they need anything else.

Do keep both of you safe.

  • Assess your surroundings—are there others nearby you can pull in to support? Working in a team is a good idea, if it is possible.
  • Can you and the person being harassed move to a safer space/place?



Don’t call the police.

• For many communities experiencing harassment right now (including Arab and Muslim communities, Black people, queer and trans folks, and immigrants) the police can cause a greater danger for the person being harassed.

Don’t escalate the situation.

• The goal is to get the person being harassed to safety, not to incite further violence from the attacker.

Don’t do nothing.

• Silence is dangerous—it communicates approval and leaves the victim high and dry. If you find yourself too nervous or afraid to speak out, move closer to the person being harassed to communicate your support with your body.

Download the Do's and Don'ts for Bystander Intervention Poster


Bystander Intervention: A Training Outline (PDF)

Prepared by the People's Response Team.

News stories on bystander intervention (PDF)

Read about how bystander intervention is being used across the country to combat hate and create safer communities. 

The 4 Ds of Bystander Intervention flyer (PDF)

This handout offers four practical tips for how to de-escalate instances of harassment and oppressive interpersonal violence.

More resources


Bystander Intervention webinar

Watch a recording of our online training, part of our Sanctuary Everywhere series. 

Don't Just be a Bystander

6 tips for responding to racist attacks in public.

Learn more

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