One of the many lessons of this pandemic is interdependence. What’s best for our neighbor is best for us as well—our health is bound together. Given that research tells us that many people are walking around with COVID-19 but lack any symptoms, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends wearing a cloth face covering in public settings and when around people who are not part of your household, and many states and municipalities have made this a requirement. By wearing a mask, we’re protecting each other from anything we might transmit—and further helping to stop the spread of the virus.
Surgical masks and N95 respirators should be used by health care workers and other first responders workers, but it is inexpensive and easy to make quality masks at home. Since our government disbanded the global pandemic office and prioritizes war spending over dollars for public health, it's important that we all do what we can to protect our communities. If you're a DIY crafter, a quilter, or someone with a little time on your hands—this is your moment to step up and make some simple masks for yourself and your community.
There is no one specific homemade mask that is recommended, but your mask should fit snugly from the bridge of your nose to under your chin. A recent study showed that bandanas do not offer adequate protection, but that homemade masks made with 2 layers of tightly woven quilting fabric were very effective.
Here are some resources for you to get started:
Choose a pattern that fits your skills and materials you have on hand:
- A simple mask that can be hand-stitched or sewn with a machine that uses two 10-by-6-inch pieces of fabric and hair ties. I was able to simply modify this design to include a pocket for a filter
- A fitted mask with a flexible nose wire, basic sewing skills, and simple supplies needed. If you are crafty, you probably have the materials around the house already.
Choose effective materials:
- Tightly woven fabric is your best choice–hold it up to the light and if you can’t see through it, that should work. Even T-shirt material can be effective.
- If your mask design has a pocket for a filter, there are reports that paper towels, coffee filters, vacuum cleaner bags, or shop towels cut to fit will work.
Keep it clean:
- Make sure you follow good safety practices if you plan to make masks for others.
- Wash your mask after each use, and wash your hands after you remove it. It’s good to have at least two masks per person for this reason.
Even when masked, keep your other coronavirus protocols going:
- Practice social distancing.
- Regularly wash your hands with soap or hand sanitizer.
- Avoid crowded places, especially indoors.
- Avoid touching eyes, nose, and mouth.
- Stay home and self-isolate even with minor symptoms such as cough, headache, mild fever, until you recover.
This weekend I got out the sewing machine and made some of these for my family, some neighborhood mutual aid workers, and even a social worker who stopped me in the grocery store asking where she could get a mask because she is still seeing clients. I happily dropped off a couple for her last night, knowing that she will now be able to keep herself and her clients safer.